Posted 14 January 2007 - 08:05 AM
Posted 14 January 2007 - 04:31 PM
"…normal key wear might expose high-percentage composition lead particles to
Not only may lead in keys expose the handler to this toxic metal, but also the locksmith/key makers are
exposed. Indeed, key grinders may have a health risk many times that of the key user due to continuous lead
exposure from the grinding of keys. Kondrashov et al.  tested six professional locksmiths and six control
volunteers for bone and blood lead and concluded that “locksmiths are chronically exposed to lead.”
lead, either homogeneously alloyed with brass or as concentrated particles (heterogeneously distributed) are
being respired and likely imbibed by locksmiths.
Another issue perhaps even more serious is the propensity of parents to give babies and toddlers rings of keys as toys. Some children become so enamored with keys that parents request used keys from lock and key stores
A health risk exists for the entire population, not only for locksmiths/key makers. Small children who are
allowed by their parents to play with keys may have significant lead exposure, especially for those children that
put keys in their mouths. Long term sucking on keys may be a source of lead that health officials have failed to
consider with children who have been found to have elevated blood lead. The consequence of lead in small
children is well known – brain growth retardation and other health issues.
It is likely that lead particles from
keys are ubiquitous in our environment, especially on hands.
In 2001, the California State Attorney General came to a settlement with the manufacturers regarding key lead.
The key manufacturers “…will pay $30,000 to the Public Health Institute to advise pediatricians, child care
providers and others about the importance of not letting children play with keys, because of the lead hazard they
pose” . This either did not happen, or the $30,000 was woefully inadequate to counter this problem. I have
observed small children playing with keys. Parents of these children are usually shocked when informed of the
lead hazard associated with keys.
1. Anonymous. 1999. Attorney General Lockyer sues key manufacturers over failure to warn consumers about
exposure to lead from keys in violation of Proposition 65. Cautions against using keys as toys with small
children. News Release, Office of the Attorney General, State of California, Department of Justice. October 12,
2. Anonymous. 2001. Major manufacturers agree to reduce amount of lead in door keys under settlement of
Proposition 65 lawsuit. News release, Office of the Attorney General, State of California, Derpartment of
Justice. April 27, 2001.
3. Kondrashov, V.S., S.J. Rothenberg, J.S.Jahr, J.L.McQuirter and S.N.Steen. 2004. Are locksmiths at risk from
anesthesia? An assessment of lead exposure. Anesthesiology 2004; 101:A1396"
Posted 14 January 2007 - 05:11 PM
Be wary of any metal that you let your bird chew on! If its not part of a high quality bird toy, then its probably not safe!
Oliana (Ollie) Grace-CAG-DOH 5/1/05
Dakota Riley-cockatiel-DOH 06/97
Mollie Mae-pigeon-DOH 06/98
Mira Wonder-pigeon-DOH 02/07
Posted 14 January 2007 - 06:51 PM
Caesar - Mealy Zon - 6/30/03
Merlin - CAG - 1/10/06
Kiri - Sun Conure - 10/18/05
Merrick - Cockatiel - 6/05
Raeka - Green Wing Macaw - 6/10/06
Parrot Toy Angels Making a difference, one bird at a time
0 user(s) are reading this topic
0 members, 0 guests, 0 anonymous users